Tips for Laying Wood Floor on Concrete

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Wooden floors give a rustic and appealing manifestation to the room. It requires skill to install wooden floor correctly. A faulty installation could end up in damaged floor and filthy appearance. IIt needs professional approach and careful working.

There are a few points to ponder:

  • Always use good quality material for great results.
  • Take accurate measurements.
  • Buy prepackaged floors to make the task simple.
  • Keep the wooden floor in the home for some time to adjust with the surroundings. Remember, it is an important point!
  • Make the concrete floor clean and smooth. Level it properly by filling the low spots and grinding off the high ones. Sand it for great finish.

Laying Wood Floor on Concrete

Tools required

  • Timber board
  • Drills, saw, hammers, nails and fitting tool
  • Adhesive tape
  • Vapor barrier
  • Sandpaper
  • Measuring tape
  • Edge blocks and space blocks

Steps to lay the floor

  1. Preparing the boards: As a general rule, always lay the boards in the direction of the longest straight wall. If you have a square room, then follow the direction of light for maximum brightness in the room. Let the boards remain there for one or two days to get acquainted with the surroundings. Remove any inwards-opening doors to make the task simple. Remove the old skirting boards, if you have any. You will have to put new ones after completing the flooring.
  2. Install the vapor barrier: Vapor barriers or vapor retarders prevent the moisture reaching to the wooden floor. Asphalt and Polyethylene are the best material. Cover the concrete slab evenly with a layer of cut-back cold mastic and let it remain undisturbed for a few hours. Apply a second coat to make the surface even. If you are using polyethylene, then it is better to use 4 or 6 mm film and extend it under the board on all sides. Overlap it properly to cover entire area. For humid areas, it is suggested coating primer on the wooden boards before installing. Put adhesive tapes on the joints and edges to make them air-tight.
  3. Lay the floor: Put the plastic spacer along the walls to allow expansion due to changes in humidity. Make sure that the spacer is removed after the installation. Start from the corner and lay the first row. The end of the boards are usually tongued and grooved. Fix them according to the instruction manual. You have to either nail them or glue them. Complete entire row by cutting the last board. Lay the second row by fixing all sides. Put pressure towards the walls where you have put plastic spacer. Make sure that each joint is tightened properly. Laying the last row is the trickiest task. Measure the gap between the edge of adjacent board and the wall. Cut the boards of 10 mm less width. Fit the boards and fit them along the length. Use fitting tools wherever required.

Enjoy the grace and beauty of a wooden floor even if you have built the home on concrete slab. Follow the above-mentioned tips make the floor classy and chic! For additional tips on how to properly vacuum a hardwood floor and maintain it’s beauty for years to come, visit

Written by Rachel

September 26th, 2013 at 5:31 pm

Posted in Home & Family

How Wood Flooring is Made

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Wood Flooring TypeThe major benefit of wood flooring is that it can be sanded and refinished after it has been aged through use and the restoration of the wood rejuvenates it back to its original condition. This means it can last for many generations.

There are a lot of different types of wood flooring available and they come with different properties and price ranges. The one thing that they all have in common is that they start off as trees which are cut down and sent to the timber mill. At the mill, the wood for flooring is selected by its quality and then cut one inch thick by a machine.

Preparation for Processing

When it arrives at the factory it is checked for quality and carefully measured. Once the wood passes the quality control it is then stacked in a kiln for drying.

The stacked wood is structured to allow the greatest surface volume of the wood to be exposed to air. This allows the drying process to be evenly distributed throughout the entire structure.

Different species of tree produce different properties of wood so the time necessary for drying the wood can vary. Generally it takes between 10 and 35 days in the kiln to correctly acclimate the material.

Cutting and Planing

Once the drying process has been successfully completed, the next stage is to cut it to specification. It is placed into a machine that uses rip saws to cut the width and length.

Planers are then used to refine the surface of the board. At this stage in the process the boards are cut to their correct overall dimensions and their surfaces are smooth.

Tongue and Groove

Standard floor boards have a tongue and groove which allow them to slot into each other. This creates a much stronger structure for the finished floor.

Furthermore, floor boards will expand and contract in response to temperature and humidity changes and the tongue and groove helps prevent gaps appearing at the sides of the boards in the completed floor.

A machine is used to cut a tongue in one side of the board and a groove in the other side. The slots are tested for consistency so that they do in fact interlock securely.

Sorting and Grading

At this point they are complete floor boards and they are sorted into grades:

  • Select
  • Natural
  • Rustic
  • Utility
  • Odd Lots

They are bound into batches and sent to the warehouse. Some of the boards are ready to be sold and the rest of the boards will go through a finishing process which adds a surface to it.

Refinishing Plant

The pre-finished boards are sent to the finishing plant where they are run through a finishing machine. The machine uses a roller to paint the surface.

Once they leave the painting area of the machine they dry instantly and are immediately arranged and boxed. The boxes are placed onto a pallet and transported to the warehouse ready for distribution.

The finished boards are considered to be of a higher quality and certainly more expensive. They don’t have the same problems of uneven finishes or discoloration compared with the boards that are finished after the floor has been fitted.

If you’ve ever had wood floors before, you know how important it is to maintain it with a proper hardwood vacuum. Using a regular top rated vacuum intended for carpets can actually cause more harm than good.

Written by Rachel

July 1st, 2013 at 3:42 am

Posted in Home & Family

How to Remove Cat Urine on Concrete

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Removing cat urine on concrete is a problem encountered by many people. Concrete is so porous that the odor can linger despite the best cleaning efforts in the world.

Fortunately there are solutions to combat this problem.

The Simple Answer

The simple answer is that you have to seal the urine in places like concrete. This is easier if it is in a housing situation where the concrete would not need to be seen. As long as the seal didn’t allow any air or warmth to get in then you effectively would not smell the urine.

Cat on Concrete

Now, some believe that you can get rid of cat urine on concrete if you use Clorox bleach. This is not proven, but it is a cheap solution if you can get it to work. The only problem is that it is a very strong solution that will create its own smelly problems.

Alternative Solutions

If you’d like to try another solution before resorting to sealing the area you can try a mixture of hydrogen peroxide, baking soda, and liquid soap. Pour this onto the area and let it soak in. When it is finished you can mop it up. The hope is that the mixture will neutralize the odor without problem.

Of course, drastic times call for drastic measures. The answer to getting rid of cat urine on concrete keeps returning to sealing off the area. If you are able to do that it will save you a lot of time and money on trying to do other things.

If you’ve bought or inherited a home that is full of cat urine you might be dealing with it on the concrete. You can try your best to get rid of it but your attempts may be futile if the urine has penetrated all the way through the concrete.

Here’s a short video that might give you additional ideas on how to remove cat urine odor.

Written by Rachel

June 17th, 2013 at 8:22 am

Posted in Home & Family

Need Information About Removing Cat Urine Odors?

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CatRemoving cat urine odors can be a struggle, especially if you’re surrounded by the smell. Those who don’t own cats just don’t understand how the strong scent can be so bad.

Part of the problem with cat urine is that cats are attracted to it. So, if they’ve claimed a certain spot they are very likely to keep claiming that spot. If you don’t clean it perfectly it will become a long lasting problem that just won’t go away.

Clean and Deodorize

You need a solution that will clean and deodorize with no trace of the urine left over. One great solution is an enzyme neutralizer. These are meant to break down the urine so that it washes right away. There should be nothing left over at all!

Regardless of what the directions tell you to do make sure you treat every single area. If you leave any at all your cat will continue to go in that area. In order to retrain with the litter box you need to take away all temptation.

Other Formulations

In addition to these great enzyme products there are other types of formulations that work well for removing cat odors. Some work with chemicals and others are made with specialized bacteria. Shop around to see which type appeals to you the most. As with the enzyme cleaner, refer to all packaging instructions for complete details.

Baking Soda

If you’re running short of money or need an immediate solution until you get your hands on a professional product you can use baking soda. There are many cat urine-fighting recipes that are made with baking soda and one includes baking soda, cornstarch (in equal amounts) and some drops of an essential oil for extra scent coverage.

Removing cat urine odors isn’t so bad if you have the right tools.

Written by Rachel

June 17th, 2013 at 8:10 am

Posted in Home & Family